Nursing (NURU)

NURU 400 Transitions to Inquiry Based Practice: Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Practice

This course is the foundation course for students moving to the role of the baccalaureate generalist nurse. Students coming with a variety of nursing experiences will come together to examine advocacy, empowerment, life-long learning and self-renewal in an evolving nursing career. This course requires students to attend face-to-face immersion and there is an associated nursing fee. 3 credits.

NURU 401 Nursing's Public Image and Professional Issues

This course examines historical and current individual and societal perceptions of nurses and nursing, including how media has contributed to these perceptions. How these perceptions have effected and continue to effect healthcare, and the professional values fundamental to the practice of nursing today and in the future will be explored. The role of organized labor and other current professional issues will be analyzed. 3 credits.

NURU 403 Managing Health Care Reform

This course will focus on the changing landscape, process, and issues facing healthcare reform in the United States. The context, role and impact of healthcare policy, finance, and regulation in shaping the nature, quality and safety of the practice environment will be examined. The associated responsibilities of the professional nurse to advocate for patients, families, communities, the nursing profession, and changes in the healthcare system will be explored. Emphasis will be placed on the role of the professional nurse as a manager of care who balances human, fiscal, and material resources to contribute to evidence-based quality care. 3 credits.

NURU 404 Healthcare Communication and Collaboration

This course explores the history and development of issues in healthcare communication. The course will examine current and future interprofessional, patient and personal communication using current and emerging technologies. The course cuts across multiple levels of communication, different communication channels, and the use of diverse communication media and technologies to address far ranging issues within the field. Students will be able to develop case studies relating to their areas of interest within the field. 3 credits.

NURU 405 Evidence-Based Thinking for Scholarship and Practice

This course explores nursing inquiry and professional scholarship. This course will focus on providing the student with foundational knowledge regarding critical appraisal and research utilization for its relevance and applicability to selected health care strategies and conditions. The course will examine the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice to patient-centered care. This course prepares students to synthesize a body of evidence, to collaborate with others in developing EBP projects, and to evaluate the application of evidence for practice. The course will explore the role of inquiry and innovation in improving critical thinking in practice, individual patient outcomes, population health , health care policy and educational practice. 3 credits.

NURU 406 Improving Patient Health Care Outcomes: Quality Care & Patient Safety

This course will address patient safety and healthcare quality improvement concepts, principles, and practices. Emphasis will be placed on recognizing safety and quality concerns and applying evidence-based knowledge to nursing practice to optimize patient healthcare outcomes. The professional nurse role in recognizing, interrupting, evaluating, and correcting healthcare errors will be explored. 3 credits.

NURU 407 Cultural and Spiritual Diversity in Health and Nursing

This course focuses on understanding different cultures and how they affect the provision of culturally competent, patient centered care. Students will have the opportunity to explore health beliefs and values in their own culture as well as the culture of others. Emphasis will be placed on understanding how the professional nurse can assess and plan care according to the cultural and spiritual needs of individual patients. 3 credits.

NURU 408 Information, Patient Care, and Decision-Support System Technology

Students in this course will explore the recent changes in healthcare technology, specifically electronic medical records, patient care, decision support, radio-frequency identification (RFID) systems, work flow, robotics, and evaluate these technologies in terms of nursing practice and patient outcomes. Barriers and incentives to implementation will be examined. Emphasis will be placed on learning how to stay current in the area and use of the integration of electronic information and related healthcare technologies to improve the design, delivery, and evaluation of evidence-based, quality care. 3 credits.

NURU 409 Understanding Health Issues and Health Delivery in the Community Setting

Prerequisite: NURU 400.

Co-requisite for full-time students: NURU 410. This course will review the concepts, theories and evidence-based thinking in community/public health nursing in relation to population-based healthcare and its delivery in diverse healthcare settings for patients across the lifespan. Students will develop a knowledge-base and mastery of interventions aimed at health promotion and disease prevention that shape a community’s health status. 3 credits.

NURU 410 Practicum in the Community Setting

Prerequisites: NURU 400 and NURU 409 for part-time students.

Co-requisite: NURU 409 for full-time students.

Students in this course will apply evidence-based thinking and nursing practice in selected community-based healthcare sites with emphasis on health risk assessment, disease prevention, and health promotion for improved health outcomes. Students will complete 96 practicum hours. 3 credits.

NURU 411 Transformational Leadership and Management in Nursing

Prerequisites: NURU 400.

Co-requisite: NURU 412 for full-time students.

This course provides the basis for understanding leadership and management principles as they relate to the delivery of healthcare. Emphasis is placed on understanding how the use of leadership and management theories can create a positive difference in the quality of nursing practice. Students will have the opportunity to explore many issues and practices employed in the leadership and management of organizations and individual units. 3 credits.

NURU 412 Practicum in Transformational Leadership and Management in Nursing

Prerequisites: NURU 400 and NURU 411 for part-time students.

Co-requisite: NURU 411 for full-time students.

This leadership internship gives students the opportunity to explore management in an area of clinical interest at a higher level than they are now functioning. Students will work with a mentor and observe and participate in aspects of managerial functions. Emphasis will be given to the various roles managers play on specific units or organizations. Students will complete 80 practicum hours. 3 credits.

NURU 413 Advanced Pathophysiology for the Oncology Nurse

Prerequisite: COH RN or consent of instructor.

Co-requisite: NURU 414.

This course focuses on understanding the pathophysiology of cancer across the lifespan including the most common cancers for each age group. This course stresses critical thinking and decision-making in the clinical setting based on these concepts. 3 credits.

NURU 414 Assessment and Management of the Oncology Patient across the Lifespan

Prerequisite: COH RN or consent of instructor.

Co-requisite: NURU 413.

This course focuses on understanding the assessment and management of the cancer patient across the lifespan including the most common cancers for each age group. Emphasis will be on culturally appropriate care across the lifespan. 3 credits.

NURU 600 Theoretical Foundations of Evidence-based and Advanced Practice Nursing

This course will analyze the major nursing theories and theories from other disciplines to explore how they apply to advanced practice registered nursing. Students in this course will develop a personal theoretical framework for their own clinical practice and for use in their final scholarship project. Tools used to conduct research that might be appropriate for data collection in the final project will be reviewed. 3 credits.

NURU 601 Transitions in Practice: The Advanced Practice Nurse as DNP

This course will explore the evolution of doctoral education in nursing. Current issues regarding the DNP role, including titling, role transition, education, certification, and public understanding of the role will be discussed. The role of the DNP graduate as a leader, collaborator, and expert clinician will be analyzed. Students will discuss the future of advanced practice nursing and the role that the nurse practitioners will play in healthcare reform. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion and there is an associated nursing fee. 3 credits.

NURU 602 Developmental, Cultural and Spiritual Care Across the Lifespan

This course focuses on understanding different cultures, religions, and alternative healthcare practices and how they affect the provision of patient centered care. Variations of family structure and patient support will be explored. Normal development of individuals across the lifespan will be reviewed. Emphasis will be placed on the needs of patients and their support system across the lifespan during well office visits or follow-up care for maintenance of optimal health even if the patient has a chronic disease. 3 credits.

NURU 603 Advanced Health Assessment Across the Lifespan and Cultures

Co-requisite: NURU 604 for student enrolled in the BSN-DNP program.

This course is designed to expand upon basic health assessment skills and includes strategies for history taking and for physical, functional, developmental, and psychosocial assessment that recognizes and includes normal individual, cultural, and developmental variations and pathophysiological changes across the lifespan. Comprehensive and focused data collection, verbal case presentation, documentation, and physical examination strategies culminating in a differential diagnosis will be addressed. This course provides the foundation for critical thinking, diagnostic reasoning, and the development of clinical decision making skills necessary for the advanced practice nursing role across the lifespan for an evidence-based perspective. This course is taken concurrently with a track-specific health assessment laboratory/practicum course. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 604 Clinical Practicum: Advanced Health Assessment Across the Lifespan and Cultures

Co-requisite: NURU 603 for students enrolled in the BSN-DNP program.

This course will provide students with the opportunity to develop and refine comprehensive health assessment skills necessary for advanced health assessment across the lifespan. Students will be expected to demonstrate and document, both in a laboratory and clinical setting, their ability to perform a comprehensive and organized history and physical examination that considers cultural and socioeconomic background, developmental variations, and pathophysiological changes. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion, 255 clinical hours and is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 4 credits.

NURU 605 Advanced Pathophysiology across the Lifespan

This graduate course is designed to prepare advanced practice nurses to apply concepts of pathophysiology from the cellular level to disease process for assessment of patients with a variety of conditions across clinical settings. The concepts and principles of normal physiology, pathophysiology, and genetics are emphasized. Current research is used to explore disruptions in normal physiological functioning. The impact of positive health behaviors on pathophysiology is addressed. A systems approach and psychophysiological interrelationships are used to analyze the disease processes and their causative factors. The course stresses critical thinking and decision-making in clinical settings based on these concepts. 3 credits.

NURU 606 Advanced Pharmacotherapeutics Across the Lifespan

The focus of this course for advanced practice nurses is to expand theoretical and evidence-based knowledge and promote synthesis of pharmacotherapeutic concepts and principles across the lifespan. The application of knowledge of pharmacological principles to prevent and/or treat specific conditions will be emphasized, iatrogenic problems caused by the pharmacologic agents will be explored. Drug classifications, cost-effective drug therapy, management and monitoring of therapy including over the counter and herbal preparations and educating/counseling strategies will be included. Ethical, legal, cultural considerations and safety standards of pharmacotherapuetics will be discussed in relationship to the advanced practice nursing role. 3 credits.

NURU 609 Genetics Across the Lifespan

Prerequisite: NURU 600, NURU 601 and/or equivalent with permission of instructor.

This course provides the student with knowledge of the principles of human genetics as they apply to the healthcare professional. Specific topics pertinent to genetics in maternal-child health and the use of genetics and genomics in diseases across the lifespan will be analyzed. Questions regarding genetics and ethics in healthcare in a time of advancing technology in gene mapping, genetic testing and gene therapy will be explored. Students are given the opportunity to develop techniques to build knowledge for evaluation of a genetic disorder using evidence-based practices. The course emphasizes the role of the advanced practice nurse in the creation of an evaluation process and treatment plan for clients with genetic disorders presenting across the lifespan. 3 credits.

NURU 610 Synthesis of Advanced Practice Management, Role and EBP

This course will cover scope of practice, state and federal regulation(s), legal issues, negligence, malpractice, hospital privileges, risk management, and reimbursement for services. Professional conduct, measurements of performance, quality assurance and peer review will be analyzed. Students will explore legal issues using case studies, and strategies for providing the best patient outcomes using clinical evidence. Students will also integrate reflective habits in assembling a career trajectory to outline personal and professional projected outcomes, leading to sustained and continued growth, education, career satisfaction/longevity, health and well-being of the APRN-DNP graduate over time. 3 credits.

NURU 622 Advanced Practice Nursing In Pediatric Acute Care

Prerequisite: Admission to the program or permission of the Program Director.

Co-requisite: NURU 623.

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge necessary for the management of common problems in acutely ill children and adolescents. Course content builds upon information in previous courses related to the principles of assessment and development issues in children and adolescents. A portion of the course includes information necessary for the care and management of pediatric and adolescent clients with special needs and their families. Using a family centered and developmental perspective, related pathophysiology, research, psychosocial factors, and ethical considerations are explored as they apply to practice. This course requires students to attend the face to face immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 623 Practicum in Pediatric Acute Care

Co-requisite: NURU 622.

This course is a preceptor clinical practicum focusing on the management of common and acute problems of children and adolescents. Learners will participate in a variety of acute pediatric settings where students will have the opportunity for health assessment and formulation of a comprehensive plan of care. Experiences may include rotations in the PICU, Emergency Department, one of the services i. e. cardiac, infectious disease, surgery, and hematology-oncology. Working as a member of a team a student may participate in palliative care, wound care, hospice, and conscious sedation. Students will apply the latest evidence to practice. This course requires students to attend the face to face immersion. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 624 Complex and Chronic Problems in Pediatric Acute Care

Co-requisite: NURU 625.

This course is second part of the acute care content designed to provide students with the knowledge necessary for the management of the chronically and critically ill child. Course content builds upon information in previous courses related to the principles of assessment and development issues and common and acute problems in children and adolescents. A portion of the course includes information necessary for the care and management of pediatric and adolescent clients with special needs and their families. Using a family centered and developmental perspective, related pathophysiology, research, psychological factors, and ethical considerations are explored as they apply to practice. This course requires students to attend the face to face immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 625 Practicum for Complex and Chronic Problems in Pediatric Acute Care

Co-requisite: NURU 624.

This course is the second preceptor clinical practicum focusing on the management of chronic and critically ill children. Learners will participate in a variety of acute pediatric settings where students will have the opportunity for health assessment and formulation of a comprehensive plan of care. Experiences may include rotations in the PICU, Emergency Department, one of the services i. e. cardiac, infectious disease, surgery, and hematology-oncology. Working as a member of a team a student may participate in palliative care, wound care, hospice, and conscious sedation. Students will apply the latest evidence to practice. This course requires students to attend the face to face immersion. Students need to complete 255 clinical hours. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 631 Palliative Care and Pain Management

This course will explore appropriate pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic modalities for managing acute and chronic pain. Students will explore the evidence related to the use of alternative therapies such as massage, acupuncture, and Tai chi in the relief of chronic pain. The role of cultural, spiritual, and traditional approaches to the end of life care will be analyzed. The nurse practitioner is examined as the coordinator of end of life care for the support of the patient and family. How to develop and maintain an optimum quality of life and a planned end of life experience will be discussed. 3 credits.

NURU 632 Management in Adult-Gerontology Acute Care

Co-requisite: NURU 633.

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge necessary for the management of common problems in acutely ill adults. Course content builds upon information in previous courses related to the principles of assessment and development issues in adults. A portion of the course includes information necessary for the care and management of adults with special needs and their families. Using a family centered and developmental perspective, related pathophysiology, research, psychosocial factors, and ethical considerations are explored as they apply to practice. This course requires a face-to-face Immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 633 Practicum in Adult-Gerontology Acute Care

Co-requisite: NURU 632.

Pre-requisite: NURU 604. This course is a precepted clinical practicum focusing on the management of common and acute problems of adults. Learners will participate in a variety of acute care settings where students will have the opportunity for health assessment and formulation of a comprehensive plan of care. Experiences may include rotations in the trauma ICU, cardiac ICU, Emergency Department, one of the services; i.e. cardiac, infectious disease, surgery, and hematology-oncology. Working as a member of a team a student may give palliative care, wound care, hospice, and conscious sedation. Students will apply the latest evidence to practice. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion, 255 clinical hours and there is an associated clinical course fee. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 634 Complex and Chronic Problems in Adult-Gerontology Acute Care

Co-requisite: NURU 635.

This course is the second part of the acute care content designed to provide students with the knowledge necessary for the management of the chronically and critically ill adult. Course content builds upon information in previous courses related to the principles of assessment and development issues and complex, critical and chronic problems in adults. A portion of the course includes information necessary for the care and management of adult clients with special needs and their families. Using a family centered and developmental perspective, related pathophysiology, research, psychological factors, and ethical considerations are explored as they apply to practice. This course requires students attend face-to-face Immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 635 Practicum for Complex and Chronic Problems in Adult-Gerontology Acute Care

Co-requisite: NURU 634.

Pre-requisites: NURU 604 and NURU 633. This course is the second precepted clinical practicum focusing on the management of complex, critically and chronically ill adults. Learners will participate in a variety of acute care settings where students will have the opportunity for health assessment and formulation of a comprehensive plan of care. Experiences may include rotations in the trauma ICU, cardiac ICU, Emergency Department, one of the services; i.e. cardiac, infectious disease, surgery, and hematology-oncology. Working as a member of a team a student may participate in palliative care, wound care, hospice, and conscious sedation. Students will apply the latest evidence to practice. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion, 255 clinical hours and there is an associated clinical course fee. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 641 Psychopharmacology Across the Lifespan

Co-requisite: NURU 643.

This course provides the didactic background to prepare the Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner for the complex role of prescribing psychotropic medications. Students will apply evidence-based knowledge of psychopharmacological principals to treat specific psychiatric and neurologic conditions and explore management of iatrogenic problems caused by psychopharmacologic agents. Students will examine concepts of neuropsychiatric development, brain function, neuroanatomy, and neurophysiology with relation to psychopharmacotherapeutic agents. Students will learn how to prescribe, manage, and monitor psychopharmacotherapeutics including complementary and alternative agents. Course content will address therapeutic challenges such as medication adherence, outcomes, patient preference, family dynamics, ethical responsibilities, advocacy, recovery, legalities, financial realities, cultural diversity, and practical considerations. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 642 Management in Lifespan Psychiatric and Mental Health Care

This course is designed to facilitate in preparing the Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner for the complex role of providing mental health care for children, adolescents, adults and families. Emphasis on psychiatric assessment, psychiatric diagnosis, differential diagnosis and co-morbidities will be incorporated throughout the course. Treatment and management of mental health disorders using a variety of modalities and interventions will be explored. Synthesis of evidence based management in concert with the socio-cultural, environmental, economic, spiritual and physical needs of the patient and family will be emphasized. Mental illness stigma awareness and reduction techniques will be utilized to promote empathic understanding and improved outcomes. 3 credits.

NURU 643 Practicum in Psychotherapeutic Treatment Modalities

Co-requisite: NURU 641.

Pre-requisite: NURU 604. This course is a precepted clinical practicum designed to facilitate in preparing the Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner for the complex role of providing mental health for children, adolescents, adults and families. Learners will participate in a variety of clinical settings where they will learn to conduct at least three different treatment modalities. Emphasis on psychiatric assessment, psychiatric diagnosis, differential diagnosis and co-morbidities will be incorporated throughout this clinical experience. Synthesis of evidence based management in concert with the socio-cultural, environmental, economic, spiritual and physical needs of the patient and family will be emphasized. Mental illness stigma awareness and reduction techniques will be utilized to promote empathic understanding and improved outcomes. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion, 255 clinical hours and there is an associated clinical course fee. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 644 Complex and Chronic Problems in Psychiatric and Mental Health Care

Co-requisite: NURU 645.

This course is designed to facilitate the Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner’s role as primary mental health care provider for patients, families and groups with chronic, complex psychiatric illness and substance use problems including those with Severe Mental Illness (SMI). Emphasis will be on integrating evidence based approaches, and therapeutic management across the lifespan. This course builds on the fundamental knowledge and concepts obtained in NURU 642 with focus upon complexity and its management. Examination of the social, physical, economic, familial, spiritual and societal impacts of SMI will incorporate local and worldviews as well as advocacy opportunities for the Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion and is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 645 Practicum for Complex and Chronic Problems in Psychiatric and Mental Health Care

Co-requisite: NURU 644.

Pre-requisites: NURU 604 and NURU 643. This course is the second precepted clinical practicum designed to facilitate in preparing the Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner for the complex role for providing mental health care for children, adolescents, adults and families with chronic and complex psychiatric illness. Learners will participate in a variety of clinical settings where emphasis will be placed on medication and therapeutic management while integrating evidence based approaches to different therapeutic modalities of care. Emphasis on psychiatric assessment, psychiatric diagnosis, differential diagnosis and co-morbidities will be incorporated throughout this clinical experience. Synthesis of evidence based management in concert with the socio-cultural, environmental, economic, spiritual and physical needs of the patient and family will be emphasized. Examination of the social, physical, economic, familial, spiritual and societal impacts of severe mental illness will incorporate local and world views as well as advocacy opportunities for the Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. This course requires students to attend a face-to-face Immersion, 255 clinical hours and there is an associated clinical course fee. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 651 Embryology

This course is designed to prepare advanced practice nurses to apply concepts of embryology, malformations, and physiology when assessing infants and children in various acute and primary care environments and with a variety of health conditions. This course stresses critical thinking and decision-making in clinical settings based on these concepts. 3 credits.

NURU 671 Foundations of Interprofessional Collaborative Practice

This course explores the scope of practice of other healthcare professions to create a climate of mutual respect, shared values and knowledge resulting in collaborative practice with the common goal of delivering the safest, highest quality of patient-centered care. Course work, including case studies with standardized patients, will focus on integrating the knowledge of one’s own role and th ose of other professions to appropriately assess and improve the healthcare needs of patients and populations served. Four nationally recognized competency domains will be addressed: Values/Ethics for Interprofessional Practice, Roles and Responsibilities, Interprofessional Communication and Teams and Teamwork and provide the basis for the CLOs. 3 credits.

NURU 672 Management of Common and Acute Problems in Family/Across the Lifespan Care

Co-requisite: 673.

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge necessary for the management of common and acute health problems in family/across the lifespan patients. Course content builds upon information in previous courses related to the principles of assessment and development issues in family/across the lifespan patients. A portion of the course includes information necessary for the care and management of patients of all ages with special needs and their Family. Using a family centered and developmental perspective, related pathophysiology, research, psychosocial factors, and ethical considerations are explored as they apply to practice. This course requires students to attend face-to-face Immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 673 Practicum in Common and Acute Problems in Family/Across the Lifespan Care

Co-requisite: 672.

Pre-requisite: NURU 604. This course is a precepted clinical practicum (255 clinical hours) focusing on the management of common and acute health problems in family/across the lifespan patients. Students will participate in a variety of settings where they will have the opportunity for health assessment and formulation of a comprehensive plan of care. Experiences may include rotations in primary care practices, outpatient clinics and/or urgent cares or long-term care facilities. Working as a member of a team, students will apply the latest evidence to practice. This course requires students to attend face-to-face Immersion, 255 clinical hours and is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 674 Management of Complex and Chronic Problems in Family/Across the Lifespan Care

Co-requisite: NURU 675.

This course extends student knowledge regarding the management of family/across the lifespan patients. Students explore the principles of assessment and ethical issues related to complex, critical, and chronic problems in family/across the lifespan patients. This course content builds upon information in previous courses related to the principles of assessment and ethical issues related to complex, critical and chronic problems in family/across the lifespan patients. Using a patient centered perspective, related pathophysiology, research, psychosocial factors, and ethical considerations are explored as they apply to practice. This course requires students to attend face-to-face Immersion. 3 credits.

NURU 675 Practicum in Complex and Chronic Problems in Family/Across the Lifespan Care

Co-requisite: NURU 674.

Pre-requisites: NURU 604 and NURU 673. This course is the second precepted clinical practicum focusing on the management of complex, critically and chronically ill family/across the lifespan patients. Students will participate in a variety of settings where they will have the opportunity for health assessment and formulation of a comprehensive plan of care. Experiences may include rotations in primary care practices, outpatient clinics and/or urgent cares or long-term care facilities. Working as a member of a team, students will apply the latest evidence to practice. This course requires students to attend face-to-face Immersion, 255 clinical hours and there is an associated clinical course fee. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 3 credits.

NURU 690 Independent Synthesis of APRN Management, Role and EBP

This course allows students to take an additional APRN Management, Role and EBP credit, as determined by gap analysis. Permission of the Program Director required. Variable: 1-2 credits.

NURU 693 Independent Advanced Health Assessment across the Lifespan and Cultures

This course allows students who are required to take an additional advanced health assessment across the lifespan and culture credit/s, as determined through gap analysis. Permission of Program Director required. Variable: 1-2 credits.

NURU 695 Independent Advanced Pathophysiology across the Lifespan

This course allows students who are required to take an additional advanced pathophysiology across the lifespan credit, as determined through gap analysis. Permission of Program Director required. 1 credit.

NURU 696 Independent Advanced Pharmacotherapeutics across the Lifespan

This course allows students to take an additional advanced pharmacotherapeutic across the lifespan credit, as determined by gap analysis. Permission of Program Director required. 1 credit.

NURU 698 Independent Special Topic

This course allows students to take an additional independent special topic credit, as determined by gap analysis or degree audit. Permission of the Program Director required. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 1 credit.

NURU 699 Independent Practicum for Clinical Hours completion

Prerequisite: Admission to graduate studies.

This course allows students to complete the required NURU 604 Advanced Health Assessment across the Lifespan and Cultures or specialty clinical practicum hours not completed within the initial 8-week session/s. Permission of the Program Director is required and there is an associated continuing clinical hours fee. This course is graded on a Pass/No Pass basis. 0 credits.